Shakti Peet, Story, List And Details
The Shakti Peethas are places of worship consecrated to the goddess Shakti or Sati, the female principal of Hinduism and the main deity of the Shakta sect. They are sprinkled throughout the Indian subcontinent.
This goddess Shakti, the Goddess of power is the complete incarnation of Adi Shakti, has three chief manifestations, as Durga, Goddess of strength and valour, as Mahakali, goddess of destruction of evil and as Goddess Gowri, the goddess of benevolence.
When Lord Bhrahma was tired after creating the universe, he performed a yagna to please Shakti and Shiva. Goddess Shakti emerged, separating from Shiva and helped Brahma in the creation of the universe.
Then Brahma decided that one day Shakti would be given back to Lord Shiva. Therefore, Daksh (son of Bhrahma) performed several yagyas to obtain Shakti as his daughter in the form of Sati. It was then decided that Sati was brought into this world with the motive of getting married to Shiva.
However, due to Lord Shiva’s curse to Bhrahma that he would not be worshiped and also his fifth head was cut off due to his lie in front of Lord Shiva, Daksha started hating Lord Shiva and decided not to let Lord Shiva and Sati get married.
But Destiny has its own fate, series of incidents happened due to which Sati got attracted to Lord Shiva and finally one day Lord Shiva and Sati got married. This marriage only increased Daksh’s hatred towards Lord Shiva.
One day, in Satya Yuga, Daksha performed a yagna with a desire to take revenge on Lord Shiva. Daksha was angry because his daughter Dakshayani also known as Sati had married the yogi God Shiva against his wish. Daksha invited all the deities to the yagna except Lord Shiva and Sati. The fact that she was not invited did not deter Sati from attending the yagna. She expressed her desire to attend the yagna to Shiva, who tried his best to dissuade her from going. Shiva eventually relented and Sati went to the yagna.
But Sati, being an uninvited guest, was not given any respect at the yagna. Furthermore, Daksha insulted Shiva. Sati was unable to bear her father’s insults toward her husband, so Dakshayani (the other name of Sati meaning the daughter of Daksha) invoked her yogic powers and immolated herself.
Enraged at the insult and the injury, Shiva destroyed Daksha’s sacrifice, cut off Daksha’s head, and later replaced it with that of a male goat as he restored him to life due to the prayers of all demi gods and Brahma. Still immersed in grief, Shiva picked up the remains of Sati’s body, and performed the Tandava, the celestial dance of destruction, across all creation. The other Gods requested Vishnu to intervene to stop this destruction, towards which Vishnu used the Sudarshana Chakra, which cut through the corpse of Sati. The various parts of the body fell at several spots all through the Indian subcontinent and formed sites which are known as Shakti Peethas today.
At all the Shakti Peethas, the Goddess Shakti is accompanied by her consort, Lord Bhairava (a manifestation of Lord Shiva). Goddess Shakti is an aspect of the Supreme Being Goddess Adi parashakti, the mother of the trimurti, the holy trinity in Hindu history (mythology per Western definition).
List of 51 Shakti Peetha of Goddess Durga
|1||KanchiPuram, Kamatchi temple,Kamakoti Peetam mentioned in Lalita Sahasram,Trishati,Astothram etc.||Ottiyana (Ornament covering stomach)||Kamakshi||Kala Bhairav|
|2||Sri Lanka, in Nainativu, Jaffna||Hand||Indrakshi / Nagapooshani||Rakshaseshwar / Naayanar|
|3||Naina, a little distance from Sukkur Station from Karachi, Pakistan||Eyes||Mahishmardini||Krodhish|
|4||Sugandha, situated in Shikarpur, Gournadi, about 20 km from Barisal town, Bangladesh, on the banks of Sonda river.||Nose||Sunanda||Trayambak|
|5||Amarnath in Kashmir, India from Srinagar through Pahalgam 94 km by Bus, Chandanwari 16 km by walk||Throat||Mahamaya||Trisandhyeshwar|
|6||Jwalamukhi, Kangra, Devi’s tongue fell here and the idols are Devi as Ambika (Mother) and Shiva as Unmatta (Furious). This is located near Pathankot, H.P., Jwalamukhi Road.||Tongue||Siddhida (Ambika)||Unmatta Bhairav|
|7||Ambaji , at Anart, Gujarat, India||Heart||Ambaji|
|8||Nepal, near Pashupatinath Temple at Gujyeshwari Temple||Both Knees||Mahashira||Kapali|
|9||Manas, under Tibet at the feet of Mount Kailash in Lake Mansarovar, a piece of Stone||Right Hand||Dakshayani||Amar|
|10||Biraja in Utkal present Orissa, India||Navel||Girija/Viraja/Biraja||Jagannath|
|11||Gandaki from Pokhara, Nepal about 125 km on the banks of Gandaki river where Muktinath temple is situated||Temple||Gandaki Chandi||Chakrapani|
|12||Bahula, on the banks of Ajay river, at Ketugram 8 km from Katwa, Burdwan, West Bengal, India.||Left Arm||Goddess Bahula||Bhiruk|
|13||Ujaani, 16 km from Guskara Station under Burdwan district of West Bengal, India||Right Wrist||Mangal Chandika||Kapilambar|
|14||Udaipur, Tripura, at the top of the hills known as Tripura Sundari temple near Radhakishorepur village, a little distance away from Udaipur town of Tripura, India||Right Leg||Tripura Sundari||Tripuresh|
|15||On the Chandranath hill near Sitakunda station of Chittagong District, Bangladesh. The famous Chandranath Temple on the top of the hill is the Bhairav temple of this Shakti Peetha, not the Shakti Peeth itself.||Right Arm||Bhawani||Chandrashekhar|
|16||Trisrota, at Salbari village under Boda division of Jalpaiguri district, West Bengal, India||Left Leg||Bhraamari||Ambar|
|17||Kamgiri, Kamakhya, at the Neelachal hills near Guwahati, capital of Assam, India||Genital Organ||Kamakhya||Umanand|
|18||yogaadya at Khirgram under Burdwan district, West Bengal, India||Great Toe (Right)||Jugaadya||Ksheer Khandak|
|19||Kalipeeth, (Kalighat, Kolkata), India||Right Toes||Kalika||Nakuleesh|
|20||Prayag near Sangam at Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India||Finger (Hand)||Lalita||Bhava|
|21||Jayanti at Kalajore Baurbhag village of Falzur Pargana under Jayantia Thana of Sylhet district, Bangladesh. This Shakti Peetha is locally known as Falizur Kalibari.||Left Thigh||Jayanti||Kramadishwar|
|22||Kireet at Kireetkona village, 3 km from Lalbag Court Road station under district Murshidabad, West Bengal, India||Crown||Vimla||Sanwart|
|23||Varanasi at Manikarnika Ghat on banks of Ganga at Kashi, Uttar Pradesh, India||Earring||Vishalakshi & Manikarni||Kalbhairav|
|24||Kanyashram, Kanyakumari the Bhadrakali temple within the precincts of Kumari temple, Tamil Nadu, India (also thought to be situated in Chittagong, Bangladesh)||Back||Sarvani||Nimish|
|25||Present day Kurukshetra town or Thanesar ancient Sthaneshwar, at Haryana, India||Ankle Bone||Savitri||Sthanu|
|26||Manibandh, at Gayatri hills near Pushkar 11 km towards north-west from Ajmer, Rajasthan, India.||Two Bracelets||Gayatri||Sarvanand|
|27||Shri Shail, at Jainpur village, near Gotatikar, towards north-east 3 km from Sylhet town, Bangladesh||Neck||Mahalaxmi||Sambaranand|
|28||Kankalitala, on the banks of Kopai river 10 km towards north-east from Bolpur station of district Birbhum, Devi locally known as KankaleshwariWest Bengal, India||Bone||Devgarbha||Ruru|
|29||Kalmadhav on the banks of Shon river in a cave over hills near to Amarkantak, Madhya Pradesh, India||Buttock (Left)||Kali||Asitang|
|30||Shondesh, at the source point of Narmada river in Amarkantak, Madhya Pradesh, India||Buttock (Right)||Narmada||Bhadrasen|
|31||Ramgiri, at Chitrakuta on the Jhansi Manikpur Railway line in Uttar Pradesh, India||Right Breast||Shivani||Chanda|
|32||Vrindavan, near new bus stand on Bhuteshwar road within Bhuteshwar Mahadev Temple, Vrindavan, Uttar Pradesh, India||Ringlets of Hair||Uma||Bhutesh|
|33||Shuchi, in a Shiva temple at Shuchitirtham 11 km on Kanyakumari Trivandrum road, Tamil Nadu, India||Teeth (Upper Jaw)||Narayani||Sanhar|
|34||Panchsagar place not known (thought to be near Haridwar)||Teeth (Lower Jaw)||Varahi||Maharudra|
|35||Karatoyatat, at Bhabanipur village 28 km distance from interior Sherpur. Alight at Bogra station under district Bogra, Bangladesh||Left Anklet (Ornament)||Arpana||Vaman|
|36||Shri Parvat, near Ladak, Kashmir, India. Another belief: at Srisailam in Shriparvat hills under Karnool district, Andhra Pradesh, India||Right Anklet (Ornament)||Shrisundari||Sundaranand|
|37||Vibhash, at Tamluk under district Purba Medinipur, West Bengal, India||Left Ankle||Kapalini (Bhimarupa)||Sarvanand|
|38||Prabhas, 4 km distance from Veraval station near Somnath temple in Junagadh district of Gujarat, India||Stomach||Chandrabhaga||Vakratund|
|39||Bhairavparvat, at Bhairav hills on the banks of Shipra river a little distance from Ujjaini town, Madhya Pradesh, India||Upper Lips||Avanti||Lambkarna|
|40||Jansthan, at Godavari river valley near Nasik, Maharasthra, India||Chin (Two Parts)||Bhramari||Vikritaksh|
|41||Sarvashail or Godavaritir, at Kotilingeswar temple on the banks of Godavari river near Rajamundry, Andhra Pradesh, India||Cheeks||Rakini or Vishweshwari||Vatsnabh or Dandpani|
|42||Birat, near Bharatpur, Rajasthan, India||Left Feet Fingers||Ambika||Amriteshwar|
|43||Ratnavali, on the banks of Ratnakar river at Khanakul-Krishnanagar, district Hooghly, West Bengal, India||Right Shoulder||Kumari||Shiva|
|44||Mithila, near Janakpur Railway station on the boarder of India-Nepal||Left Shoulder||Uma||Mahodar|
|45||Nalhati,known as “Nalateshwari Temple” near Nalhati station of Birbhum district by rickshaw, West Bengal, India||Tubular Bones of the Feet||Kalika Devi||Yogesh|
|46||Karnat place not known||Both Ears||Jayadurga||Abhiru|
|47||Bakreshwar, on the banks of Paaphara river, 24 km distance from Siuri Town, district Birbhum,7km from Dubrajpur Rly. Station West Bengal, India||Portion between the eyebrows||Mahishmardini||Vakranath|
|48||Jessoreswari, situated at Ishwaripur, Shyamnagar, district Satkhira, Bangladesh. The temple complex was built by Raja Pratapaditya, whose capital was Ishwaripur.||Palms of Hands & Feet||Jashoreshwari||Chanda|
|49||Attahas village of Dakshindihi in the district of Bardhaman, near the Katwa Rail Station, in West Bengal, India||Lips||Phullara||Vishvesh|
|50||Sainthia, locally Known as “Nandikeshwari” temple. Earlier Nandipur/Now in Sainthia Town. only 1.5 km from Railway Station under a banyan tree within a boundary wall, Birbhum district, West Bengal, India||Necklace||Nandini||Nandikeshwar|
|51||Hingula (Hinglaj) Devi’s mind or brain fell here and the idols are Devi as Kotari (Durga) and Shiva as Bhimlochan (Terrible eyed or the third eye). The location is towards 125 km from Karachi, Pakistan.||Bramharandhra (Part of the head)||Kottari||Bhimlochan|
|52||Danteshwari ( Kuldevi Of Baster State ), Dantewada Baster 80 km’s from Jagdalpur Chhattisgarh||Daant (Teeth)||Danteshwari||Kapalbhairv|
Shakti Peet, Story, List And Details
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