Maa Katyayani, Story, Mantra
Maa Katyayani – Sixth Navdurga Worshiped in Navratri Durga Pooja
Maa Katyayani is the sixth form of Maa Durga. So the sixth day of Navratri is dedicated to Durga Katyayani. She is called Katyayani because she was born as the daughter of Sage Katya of Katya clan. Sage Katyayan performed very hard penance of Maa Bhagvati. It was his wish that Maa Durga born as his daughter. The Goddess acceded to his request. Meanwhile, army of the powerful demon Mahishasura, who could only be killed by a warrior Goddess, had reached heaven to overthrow the Gods from their abode. The trinity of Gods – Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva, got infuriated and they created the Goddess Durga, who was a culmination of the powers of all deities. Sage Katyayana had the first privilege to worship her, so she was also named Katyayani.
Another myth goes by that she was born to Katyayana as his daughter on the 14th dark of the month Asvina. Katyayana worshiped her for three days, 7th, 8th and 9th of the bright fortnight in the same month and killed Mahishasur on Vijayadasami. Her worship done with devotion and faith leads to four objects – Dharma, Artha, Kama and Moksha.
This is the daughter form of Durga. Here is she a loving daughter. She is epitome of love but won’t hesitate to rise up in anger to defend righteousness and Dharma. It is believed that Maa Katyayani persistently battles against the evil and deceitful entities.
She has three eyes and four arms. One left hand holds a weapon and the other a lotus. The other two hands respectively display defending and granting gestures. Her skin appears golden in color. Her mount is a lion.
To get God Krishna as a husband gopis worship Maa Katyayani in Vraj. So she is established as the Queen of Vraj. There is a very famous temple in Delhi (Chhattarpur) of Maa. This shrine is dedicated to Goddess Katyayani, whose “darshan” can be availed only on “Ashtami” falling in every month. Otherwise, the “darshan” of Goddess Katyayani can be made throughout the days of ‘Navratri’. The golden image of Katyayani attracts the attention of devotees with its huge size and sheer divinity.
The worship of Maa Durga as Goddess Katyayani on 6th day of Navratri has its very importance. Yogis & Sadhaks penance on Agya Chakra on this day. Human offer everything to Maa while worshiping on this day. She gives blessing to her devotee. Red & white color should be used to wear on this day.
The goddess of Vrindavan, she is depicted as having four arms and three eyes, she is seated on a lion. She is the sixth swarup of Ma Durga and is known as Mata Katyayani. The son of “Kat” was “Katya”. Rishi Katyayan was born in this “Katya” lineage. Katyayan had observed penance with a desire to get Ma as his daughter. As a result she took birth as a daughter of Katyayan. Therefore her name is “Katyayani” . She killed the demon Mahishasur. To get Krishna as a husband gopis worship Ma Katryayani in Vraj. So she is established as the Queen of Vraj.
Om hreeng katyayini namah
Katyayani Devi- a manifestation of Sri Laxmi-ji appeared as the daughter of rishi Katyayan and did penance for the purpose of getting Krishna as her husband. Her name means daughter of Sage Katyayan. Golden colored, she sits astride a lion and manifests three eyes and four arms. In two of her hands she holds a weapon and a lotus and with the other two she blesses and protects. Special benediction: Kaatyayani devi is very protective and grants boons and fulfils wishes–especially relating to obtaining the association of the Supreme Divine–Sri Krishna. A yellow light of satisfaction emnates from her eyes and spreading into the eyes of people and allowing one to be satisfied with what is being seen and received in life. She radiates crescent-shaped yellow energies, which descend at our finger tips, empowering us to do good and appropriate action. Offering: Offer six guavas in the morning and accept in the evening as prasadam and share with others. Offer candle/lamp morning-evening. Mentally offer all fragrant flowers, fruits, gems, clothing, sweets and payasam.
कात्यायनी शुभं दद्याद्देवी दानवघातिनी॥
भगवती दुर्गा के छठें रूप का नाम कात्यायनी है। महर्षि कात्यायन के घर पुत्री के रूप में उत्पन्न हुई थी। आश्विन कृष्ण चतुर्दशी को जन्म लेकर शुक्ल सप्तमी, अष्टमी तथा नवमी तक तीन दिन उन्होंने कात्यायन ऋषि की पूजा ग्रहण कर दशमी को महिषासुर का वध किया था। इनका स्वरूप अत्यंत ही भव्य एवं दिव्य है। इनका वर्ण स्वर्ण के समान चमकीला, और भास्वर है। इनकी चार भुजाएँ हैं। माता जी का दाहिनी तरफ का ऊपर वाला हाथ अभयमुद्रा में है तथा नीचे वाला वरमुद्रा में, बाई तरफ के ऊपर वाले हाथ में कमल पुष्प तथा नीचे वाले हाथ में तलवार है। इनका वाहन सिंह है। दुर्गा पूजा के छठवें दिन इनके इसी स्वरुप की उपासना की जाती है।
माँ कात्यायनी की भक्ति और उपासना द्वारा मनुष्यों को बड़ी सरलता से अर्थ, धर्म, काम, मोक्ष चारों फ़लों की प्राप्ति हो जाती है।
वन्दे वांछित मनोरथार्थचन्द्रार्घकृतशेखराम्।
मंजीर हार केयुरकिंकिणिरत्नकुण्डलमण्डिताम्।।
परमदंदमयीदेवि परब्रह्म परमात्मा।
कां बीजा, कां जपानंदकां बीज जप तोषिते।
कां कां बीज जपदासक्ताकां कां सन्तुता॥
कां बीज जपकारिणीकां बीज तप मानसा॥
कां कारिणी कां मूत्रपूजिताकां बीज धारिणी।
कां कीं कूंकै क:ठ:छ:स्वाहारूपणी॥
कात्यायनौमुख पातुकां कां स्वाहास्वरूपणी।
ललाटेविजया पातुपातुमालिनी नित्य संदरी॥
कल्याणी हृदयंपातुजया भगमालिनी॥
Maa Katyayani, Story, Mantra
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