Karwa Chauth Details, Pujaa, Vidhi On Pujaa.se
‘Karwa Chauth’ is a ritual of fasting observed by married Hindu women seeking the longevity, well-being and prosperity of their husbands. It is popular amongst married women in the northern and western parts of India, especially, Haryana, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Gujarat.
This festival comes 9 days before Diwali on ‘kartik ki chauth’, i.e., on the fourth day of the new moon immediately after Dusshera, in the month of ‘Karthik’ (October-November).
The Meaning:The term ‘Chauth’ means the ‘fourth day’ and ‘Karwa’ is an earthen pot with a spout – a symbol of peace and prosperity – that is necessary for the rituals. Hence the name ‘Karwa Chauth’.
Married women keep a strict fast and do not take even a drop of water. They get up early in the morning, perform their ablutions, and wear new and festive raiment. Shiva, Parvati and their son Kartikeya are worshiped on this day along with the 10 ‘karwas’ (earthen pots) filled with sweets. The Karwas are given to daughters and sisters along with gifts.
It is the most important and difficult fast observed by married Hindu women.
(Unmarried women, widows, and spinsters are barred from observing this fast.) It begins before sunrise and ends only after offering prayers and worshiping the moon at night. No food or water can be taken after sunrise. The fast is broken once the moon is sighted and rituals of the day have been performed. At night when the moon appears, women break their fast after offering water to the moon.
In the evening, women dress up in special clothes, usually a red or pink sari or ‘lehenga-choli’ with gold woven ‘zari’ patterns. New brides often wear their bridal costume. All deck up in jewelry and wear ‘mehendi’ or henna patterns especially on the hands. Decorative ‘bindis’ on the forehead are a must for all women taking part in this celebration. Fasting women from all over the neighborhood gather in a group and narrate mythological stories that underscore the significance of Karwa Chauth. And, of course, all wives expect lavish gifts from their husbands!
The fast of Karwa Chawth truly sets the merry tone of the fun and frolic, festivity and feasting that come in good measure during Diwali — the biggest festival of the Hindus.
Fast of Karwa Chauth is quite tough as women are supposed to go without food or water for the entire day.
The Legends of Karwa Chauth :
Queen Veeravati – Long time ago, there lived a beautiful girl by the name of Veeravati. She was the only sister of her seven loving brothers, who was married to a king. On the occasion of the first Karva Chauth after her marriage, she went to her parents’ house. After sunrise, she observed a strict fast. However, the queen couldn’t stand the rigors of fasting and was desperately waiting for the moon to rise. The seven brothers, who loved her dearly, were very disturbed watching the distress of their sister and decided to end her fast by deceiving her. Then the brothers reflected a mirror through Pipal tree leaves. The sister, taken it as moonrise, broke the fast and took food. However, the moment the queen ate her dinner, she received the news that her husband, the king, was seriously ill. She did not keep the fast properly. When Veeravati begged forgiveness, Goddess Parvati granted that her husband would revive only when she completes her fast under strict conditions. The queen observed the fast and thus revived the life of her husband.
Satyavan and Savitri – Another story id of the Satyavan and Savitri. Once Yamraj – the God of Death came to take Satyavan’s life. Savitri – the devoted wife of Satyavan pleaded for her husbands life which Yamraj refused. Savitri went on a fast and refused to eat or drink. Looking at her devotion, Yamraj was forced to grant life to Satyavan. Since then women started keeping fast for their husband’s long life.
Mahabarata – Draupadi, too, is said to have observed this fast. Once Arjun went to the Niligiris for penance and the rest of the Pandavas faced many problems in his absence. Draupadi, out of desperation, remembered Lord Krishna and asked for help. Lord Krishna reminded her that on an earlier occasion, when Goddess Parvati had sought Lord Shivas guidance under similar circumstances, she had been advised to observe the fast of Karva Chauth. Draupadi followed the instructions and observed the fast with all its rituals. Consequently, the Pandavas were able to overcome their problems. On this day, fasting women listen to Karva Chauth legends with rapt attention.
The Karwa Chauth Rituals and Festivities:
On the day of Karva Chauth married women wake up before dawn. They take bath and invoke blessings of Goddess Parvati for their husband’s long life. Women are then given a sumptuous meal called ‘Sargi’ by mother-in-law to eat before sunrise, as the fast starts before sunrise and ends only after worshiping the moon at night. It is a tough fast, as after the Sargi women are not supposed to take any form of food or liquid. In the day, the married woman receives the baya or a basket full of goodies from her mother, which is meant for the mother-in-law. The most joyous part of Karwa Chauth is the Puja held in the evening. A large number of elegantly dressed women gather in a temple or in somebody’s house for Puja. Women pray to Goddess Parvati or Gauri Ma for the well being and long life of their husbands. The fast is broken once the moon is sighted and special rituals and prayers marking the day have been offered. At night when the moon appears, women break their fast after offering water to the moon.
The Karwa Chauth Puja and Celebrations :
A Day Before: The pooja preparations start a day in advance. There is huge excitement a day before the festival as women make elaborate preparations to dress up elaborately for the occasion. The Married women buy bangles, bindis, apply mehndi (Hena tattos)on their hand and feets.
Beginning of the Day: Early in the morning they prepare food and have it before sunrise. The morning passes by in other festive activities like decorating hand and feet with heena, decorating the pooja thali and meeting friends and relatives.
The Puja : In the evening, women dress up in special clothes, usually a red or pink sari or ‘lehenga-choli’ with gold woven ‘zari’ patterns. New brides often wear their bridal costume. All deck up in jewelry. Decorative ‘bindis’ on the forehead are a must for all women taking part in this celebration. Fasting women from all over the neighborhood gather in a group and narrate the story of Karwa Chauth that underscore the significance of Karwa Chauth and sing the Karwachauth song while rotating the thalis containing Baya.
Once the moon rises, the women see its reflection in a thali of water, or through a dupatta or a sieve. They offer water to the moon and seek blessings. They pray for the safety, prosperity and long life of their husbands and sing a Karwachauth ark song. She is then given a piece of sweet and sip of water by her husband. Hands over the Baya to the monther-in-law or any elderly lady of the household and seeks the blessings. Then comes the much awaited sumptuous dinner. This marks the end of a day long fast.
Rituals Followed During Karwa Chauth
Women who observe Karwa Chauth fast, wake up before sunrise and get ready to start the fasting. According, to the Hindu customs, it is one of their most sacred fasts. The fast starts from sunrise and ends in the evening, only after seeing the Moon. Throughout the day, women do not consume any food, not even water. The main deities worshiped on this day are Lord Shiva, Goddess Parvati, and their sons, Lord Kartikeya & Ganesha. Women worship the holy God Shiva and Goddess Parvati with ten earthen pots (Karwas) filled with sweets. Once the rituals are done, these Karwas are distributed to daughters and sisters.
As we now know Karwa Chauth has many stories associated with it, be it the story from the epic Mahabharata or the story of Karva, the festival has been celebrated since ages.
Let’s find out the main significance of Moon in the festival of Karva Chauth.
Why will ladies eagerly wait for the moon to shine on Karwa Chauth in 2015?
Significance Of The Moon On Karva Chauth
The Moon plays a major role during Karwa Chauth celebrations. It is the sighting of the Moon that allows the women to break their fast. The procedure observed is, women first see the Moon through the filter (sieve) and then see their beloved or husbands. Once that is done, the ladies are fed with sweet or milk, thus breaking the fast. Also, as per beliefs, the couple enjoys a prosperous married life that lasts for as many pores as there are in the sieve. It is believed that the ritual of looking at the husband through the sieve removes all the evil effects from him.
Since the festival of Karwa Chauth is a women festival, women who are married look forward to this festival, as it redefines the love and bond between a couple.
Newly married females look forward to their first Karva Chauth, as on this day they feel extremely special.
Let’s read on to know more what Karwa Chauth in 2015 will offer the new brides and what they should look forward to on Karva Chauth.
First Karwa Chauth In 2015
The first Karwa Chauth is a very important occasion for every married women. New brides wear their bridal dresses, elegant jewelry and make up. The mother-in-law of the women observing her first Karva Chauth prepares an elaborate meal. Sargi an integral part of Karva Chauth Vrat, it includes Pheni (a sweet made by using milk and semolina), Parantha and various types of fruits and sweets.The mother-in-law then gives her daughter-in-law gifts, which can be jewelry, saree or anything that she wants. Like the first Sargi, there is another ritual called first Baya. Baya is the gift given to the mother-in law by the daughter’s parents. The most important thing among all this is the gift from the husband. After an entire day’s fasting, Karva Chauth Katha is performed along with rituals. The wife waits for that special gift from her husband, which he willingly gives.
The new brides of 2015 look forward to all these special celebrations, Sargi and gifts from your husband and mother-in-law this Karwa Chauth in 2015.
The celebration of Karwa Chauth begins in advance. This, Karwa Chauth in 2015 don’t forget to do all these things.
Things To Be Done On Karwa Chauth
A number of rituals like Karva Chauth Sargi, Karwa Chauth Katha are followed. But there are certain other rituals that are followed on the Karwa Chauth by the females throughout the country or globe.
This Karwa Chauth in 2015,. when you celebrate your Karva Chauth don’t forget any of these rituals.
- One of the foremost thing is to get Mehndi done on both the hands. It is a sign of a happy women. The darker the color of the Mehndi the deeper is the love between the couple, as per beliefs.
- On Karwa Chauth, it is a compulsory custom for all women to sport big Bindis. The colors preferred for this day are red or pink.
- Women dress up in heavy work sarees, Ghagra Cholis or Lehengas.
- In the evening, all the women in the neighborhood gather for the evening rituals, which includes Karwa Chauth Vrat Katha.
- During the Puja of Karwa Chauth, Thalis are exchanged and special Karva Chauth songs are sung. The eldest women in the group narrates the story of Karwa Chauth.
This Karwa Chauth in 2015, we all will see females practising all these rituals with full devotion towards their beloved.
Karva Chauth is a festival in which special meals are prepared. We at AstroSage bring you the delicacies that you should look forward to having in 2015 after a day long fast of Karwa Chauth.
Delicacies For Karwa Chauth In 2015
Post the fasting on Karwa Chauth in 2015, we are sure you would look for some special delicacies for eating. After the end of Karwa Chauth Vrat, females can eat anything of their choice usually items like Matar Paneer, Dal Makhani, Rice, Chapati, Mix Vegetable and sweets (Halwa, Phirni or Malpua) are prepared at home.
Karwa Chauth in 2015 can be best described by these lines:
Pray to Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati with full devotion and dedication in your heart.
Females who will observe the fast,
Don’t forget to follow the rituals (Sargi and Karwa) led down in the past.
Females will look forward to the surprise gift from the man in their life.
Karwa Chauth in 2015 will be the time to express your love,
A time to remember the legends and cherish the bond throughout your lifetime.
Karwa Chauth is a day which every Hindu women should experience. Karva Chauth is the day which brings many relations closer for the well being and prosperity of the family.
Karva Chauth Katha – Story of Karwa Chauth Vrat
The legend of Draupadi
The fast of Karva Chauth can be dated back to the times of Mahabharata. It is said that even Draupadi kept the fast of Karva Chauth. The story is – once Arjuna went to Nilgiri Mountain for Tapa. Draupadi started finding herself in problematic situations being alone. Even Arjuna was not beside to protect her, so she thought of some remedy. For this, she prayed to lord Krishna and he appeared before her. She asked for a remedy from lord Krishna.
Krishna said, “Once Parvati ji too asked the same question to lord Shiva. For which he answered that the fast of Karva Chauth can effectively remove all the problems that come in marital relationship. It also brings a balance in Pitta.
Then Krishna told a story to Draupadi- once there was a religious Brahmin who had 7 sons and a daughter-Veeravati. When she got married, she fasted on the fourth day after moon in the month of Kartik. However, she started feeling extreme hunger before the moonrise. Her brothers could not tolerate the distress of their loving sister and hence, one of them climbed up a tree and placed a lighted ‘Deep’ in such a manner that it looked like a moon behind the tree. Veeravati happily offered the water to moon and ate food. As she finished eating, her husband died. She started crying and yelling bitterly. Indrani was on her way with dancers. On hearing the sound of cry, she went to her and asked the reason of her sorrow.
Veeravati told her the entire story. Indrani then revealed the reason of her husband’s death and how she was tricked by her brothers. Indrani then instructed her to repeat the fast of Karva Chauth with complete devotion for 12 months. She asked her to fast on very ‘Chauth’ of a month and on the day of Karva Chauth worship lord Kartik, Ganesha, Shiva and Gauri along with moon. She was instructed to offer water to moon and only then to open her fast. When Veeravati repeated the fast with utmost devotion and fasted on Karva Chauth following every ritual, Yama was compelled to restore the life of her husband.
Then Krishna told Draupadi to fast on Karva Chauth with complete devotion following all the rituals. This will certainly remove all her worries and endow her with happiness, prosperity and wealth. Then Draupadi also fasted on Karva Chauth that resulted into the victory of Pandavas over Kauravas in Mahabharata.
The legend of Karva
Once there was a woman named Karva. She was very loyal and devoted to her husband. One day her husband went to take bath in the river, where he was caught by the crocodile. She went to help her husband and tied the crocodile with a cotton yarn and then went to Yamraj.
Yamraj asked the cause of her distress. She told him that her husband has been caught by a crocodile. She begged to take the crocodile to the ‘Narak’ and asked for a long life for her husband. Yama refused to do so. Karva then threatened to curse Yama. Yama got afraid and went with Karva to her place where crocodile held her husband. The crocodile was then killed by Yama and he granted the wish of Karva. Her husband was blessed with long life and while retreating he said- “I will protect the life of the husband of every women who will fast on this day.” The day on which this incident took place was the fourth day after the full moon in kartik month.
Therefore, women observe fast on Karwa Chauth and pray for long life of their husband.
Karwa Chauth Details, Pujaa, Vidhi On Pujaa.se
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